Recently we have seen a growth in consumer focussed software such as Rhino or Google Sketchup, whilst these are simpler they still require a level of understanding, and the data they output is fairly primitive. There are improvements in 3D scanning a natural partner to 3D printing which uses laser arrays to create a 3D model for replication purposes, but the devices are expensive, complex and produce data which still needs cleaning and modifying in a conventional 3D CAD package.
Herein lies the largest question. There are four primary business models which have emerged from the primordial soup of 3D printing:. This is the realm of the tinkerer, the maker, the hobbyist. This group typically makes two types of object: the art piece or novelty, or the specialised functional addition. As a tool for the individual maker, a 3D printer is very exciting. In this model, the 3D printer sits in the same space as any hand manufacturing technology, from carpentry to welding. I think this is where 3D printing has a significant future.
Allowing people to make fun little things for themselves, or fix a little doohickey is perfect. This is an interesting development which could have only occured in this networked age. If you have the ability to produce 3D data, but do not have the desire or opportunity to buy a 3D printer, then someone else can print it for you. Simply upload your data to a service like Shapeways, or send it to a local model shop, and in a few days you can have the part you need.
This is no different to subcontracting to a local modelshop or machinist, but within this model comes a shift. If you make a part and think others will find it useful, you are able to sell the data for others to download and acquire prints for themselves. You shift from being a maker to a manufacturer and move into the third and fourth business models:.
- Laser printers are similar to photocopiers.
- 5th grade essay on respect?
- Printing Press and Its Importance;
Services such as Shapeways there are others allow people to download data and build their own object, or acquire the object directly just like any other store. The promise of millions of entrepreneurial designers now having an on-demand manufacturing and retail service is enticing indeed, but the shift between these business models is significant and troubling. The joy of 3D printing is it bypasses homogeneity, you no longer need to ensure a market volume before committing money to tooling. One of the main reasons for homogeneity in mass production is consistency.
The CE mark, the Kite mark, the double insulation standards and the FCC mark are rigourous and complicated systems of conformity which ensure that manufacturers pay due care and attention to protecting the consumer from harm during use.
The Invention Of The Printing Press
Correct certification and indemnity also protect makers from litigation, and offers a tried and tested procedure for investigating genuine faults. These systems are laborious and onerous, but they help. This hands-off approach to culpability cannot last long. If someone buys, downloads and prints a case for their OUYA and they suffer an electric shock as a result, who is to blame? We need to create a new chain of responsiblity for this emerging, and potentially very profitable business.
Whilst I understand that 3D gun parts could be cause for concern, I think they are inevitable. We need to understand that if we make the tools available, people will use them. In a strange puritanical brand protection exercise, Cody Wilson recently had his personal 3D printer repossessed by Stratasys for printing the lower receiver of an AR15 assault rifle.
Tenet 3: that by producing products at the market we can reduce environmental damage. The story unfolds thus: if we only print what we need, if we produce objects at the source and cut out the shipping, if we allow people to mend rather than buy new, 3D printing will have a significant positive impact on the environmental footprint of manufacturing.
If we feel that allowing individuals to produce their own plastic parts will in any way reduce the impact of manufacturing on the environment we are kidding ourselves. A LOT. A quick look at the Shapeways catalog tells you what people want to print. Implying that individuals will in some way help reduce plastic use by only printing what they need is naive indeed. The waste produced in the manufacture of 3D printed parts can be significant, and often toxic.
I believe in the power of 3D printing to fix problems or revive a broken product, and have used it to this effect myself. This is a good promise, but a very small section of society thinks in this way, and have the requisite ability and access to be significant. My aim with this piece of writing is to open the counter argument to what is currently a very one-sided debate.
Let me conclude with some key changes and developments I see in the future of 3D printing:. As we have seen there is keen interest in 3D printing, which will drive down cost and make the service more ubiquitous. For reference, there is already a 3D printer available in the Skymall catalog. In parallel, the quality will improve with new materials, better finishes and higher speeds. A clear parallel to this comes in the form of domestic laser printers, a technology which has improved in quality and decreased in cost at a rate which seemed impossible only years before.
In parallel, the 3D CAD software will become simpler and cheaper, making the original data easier to create, just as blogging tools have done for coding. Whilst I agree that the very spirit of independent manufacture runs counter to the slow lumbering legal system, there needs to be some thought in this area.
The Invention and History of the Printing Press
Once we move away from buying 3D printed parts to support a friend or Kickstarter project, once we stop seeing the objects as craft, we need to move into the world of true manufacturing and accept the responsibility that comes with it. Current regulatory systems are not suited to this type of manufacture but I feel we need to create a new framework for certification. I welcome any ideas to the debate. I see 3D printing finding a home where it is currently most popular — as a prototyping tool and a hobbyist device.
Perhaps then we will see something more interesting than a scanned bust of someones head. So what about all those huge corporations who currently spend billions on injection molding and shipping in bulk? There are a few hindrances to a mass manufactured device which uses additive manufacture, namely time, finish, quality and material choice. Well, apparently it is! I bought a printer at an office supply store yes, the big one that starts with the letter 'S' and it was a DUD. The roller didn't roll. In what universe does that make any sense? Well, I got my money back and not buying from that retailer again.
My present-day needs are simple; just print the freakin' page. Not part of the page, the whole page without inky mess, roller problems, paper jams, and so on and so on. Printer, pure and simple with no bells or whistles. I found this one online. Reviews looked good.
I thought, "Why not?
I was pleasantly surprised how great this printer was for the very low price. It is actually faster than a much more expensive one I have in my office. This was purchased for traveling away from the office exclusively.
It is very light weight and closes up very securely and packs away nicely and opens quickly and ready to go. Oh and print! Portable is the operative word here. I bought the printer, the battery pack, and the USB adapter and I can tell you that this printer out performs some of my other printers that I own.
Fast print spool times and super quick and extremely accurate printing. The hardest thing that I have to deal with is where to store the paper when not in use. The in feed holds 25 sheets at least so feel free to print away. The cartridges last for a decent amount also. As far as battery life goes, I had this unit stored for weeks, took it out and then printed 35 copies of a project without even plugging the unit in for a charge.
Terrific unit! Visioneer RoadWarrior X3.
Piunnp Cleveland, ohio. Absolutely love this scanner. I have scanned many recipes quickly and efficiently and will also use for old photos.
Printer (computing) - Wikipedia
This is my 3rd Visioneer Road Warrior all different models. Seems like every time Windows upgrades my previous Road Warrior won't work. Anyway, This was an upgrade I probably would have made anyway. Each one has been an improvement. Positives: 1. Length of scan. This scanner will actually scan them in one pass.
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I used to have to turn them over and scan them as a 2nd page. I believe this scanner will go as long as 30 inches. Paperport 14 Professional is a good software package. Glad to get the new version 4. Small 5. USB powered Negatives 1. Seems a little slow to start compared to previous version All in all this a really good scanner. You won't be disappointed.
Bought this for work to go to a conference.