On the day of the invasion, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution , which condemned the invasion and demanded that Iraq withdraw "immediately and unconditionally". The United States also quickly moved to freeze Kuwaiti and Iraqi assets. Shortly thereafter, the UN imposed economic sanctions on Iraq designed to try to convince Iraq to withdraw.
The Iraqi invasion allowed President Bush to emphasize one of his greatest strengths—personal diplomacy. He had many international contacts, and he personally telephoned world leaders and U. However, the administration did not want Israel to join the coalition because it feared that Israel's involvement would alienate the Arab countries that had already agreed to join the alliance.
Israel agreed to stay out of the coalition and not retaliate if attacked in order to allow the coalition's greater resources to deal with Hussein. After months of resolutions and diplomatic efforts, the situation still had not changed. Iraq seemed unwilling to withdraw from Kuwait, and the Bush administration was not convinced that the economic sanctions could convince Hussein otherwise.
In November, the UN Security Council passed Resolution , which authorized member states "to use all necessary means" to make Iraq withdraw from Kuwait if it had not done so by January As the deadline loomed, the President often spoke of the situation in moral terms and cast Saddam Hussein as the embodiment of evil, highlighting the dictator's human rights violations. In December, President Bush put forth a proposal to ensure that the administration had exhausted all diplomatic efforts; he wanted war to be the last resort.
Bush proposed sending Secretary of State Baker to meet with Hussein in Iraq to try to reach a solution. However, the President made it clear that there was no alternative to a complete and unconditional Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait. Although Baker eventually met with Iraqi foreign minister Tariq Aziz in Geneva, Switzerland, the negotiations went nowhere with Hussein rebuffing Bush's efforts.
The administration also wanted to shore up support domestically for the impending military action so it turned to Congress for congressional authorization. Although some in the administration argued that it was unnecessary, others felt it was important to have Congress's support. On January 12, Congress narrowly voted to authorize the use of military force against Iraq. The vote was an important victory for President Bush. The coalition launched the ground war on February 24 and quickly overwhelmed the Iraqi forces.
Coalition troops reached Kuwait City by February 27, and a ceasefire was declared the next day. The war had ended in less than two months, and the Bush administration had successfully committed to the largest military action since the Vietnam War without getting bogged down or suffering high casualties.
One hundred and forty eight U. On March 6, President Bush addressed a joint session of Congress and declared, "tonight Kuwait is free. The Persian Gulf War helped restore the morale of the U. It also showed the possibility of what Bush referred to as the "New World Order," breaking down Cold War alliances and using peaceful nations to stand united against rogue states. The President successfully held together the coalition and even succeeded in having many of the coalition countries provide manpower including France, Britain, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt and financial support including Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Japan, and Germany.
Critics argued, however, that the victory was hollow because Saddam Hussein remained in power. They faulted Bush for not pursuing Hussein and his army into Iraq and removing him from power. However, President Bush and his team had been clear from the beginning that their primary war aim was to make Iraq withdraw from Kuwait, and they achieved that goal.
Realism Iraq War Essay
The removal of Hussein from power had never been one of the administration's war aims. Many in the administration argued that pursuing Hussein into Iraq and attempting to topple him from power would destabilize the region and lead to a lengthy military engagement. On September 11, , President Bush addressed a joint session of Congress regarding the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and he discussed "an historic period of cooperation," which he called the New World Order.
Bush claimed this new order would be:. Again, on January 16, , in an address to the nation about the start of the Persian Gulf War, President Bush used the term in explaining the motivations and justifications for using force against Iraq: We have before us the opportunity to forge for ourselves and for future generations a new world order—a world where the rule of law, not the law of the jungle, governs the conduct of nations.
When we are successful—and we will be—we have a real chance at this new world order, an order in which a credible United Nations can use its peacekeeping role to fulfill the promise and vision of the U. President Bush's New World Order involved collective security with multinational cooperation, and it broke down Cold War conceptions and created new allies. Many people debated whether the New World Order was a realistic foreign policy tenet or simply an idealistic approach to the future.
Critics claimed that the Bush administration did not fully articulate the goals of the New World Order and how it hoped to accomplish them. Some were unsure whether the term was meant as a new approach or simply a catchphrase. Realists complained that it was hard to justify U.
But others felt that once the Cold War ended, the United States had to take on a large role as a world leader to guard against human rights abuses, defend democratic regimes, and lead humanitarian efforts. One example of the changing landscape of foreign policy was evident in the Middle East Peace process. In October , the Bush administration, together with the Soviet Union and Spain, cosponsored a conference in Madrid, to try to reach consensus on moving the peace process forward. Arab nations were more willing to work with the United States, and the thwarting of the Iraqi invasion had shown all participants the futility of force.
Using your understanding of classical realism, explain the US invasion of Iraq in 2003.
Although the Madrid conference did not result in any lasting agreements, it was an important step toward future peace agreements. In Somalia and the former Yugoslavia, the Bush administration encountered some of the first challenges to the New World Order. Near the end of his term, President Bush committed U.
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Although the operation was initially successful in helping to feed the Somali people, President Bill Clinton ordered the withdrawal of U. When Yugoslavia began to break apart, the Bush administration had hoped to persuade the various players to avoid violence and bloodshed and proceed with the breakup using a democratic process. The administration also hoped to see the European Community take the lead in resolving a conflict occurring in its own backyard, especially because some European countries seemed to chaff under U.
Neorealist Theory of US Politics
And although the United States worked with the EC and the UN to take political, diplomatic, and economic steps to try to stop the conflict from escalating, they were unsuccessful. Many of President Bush's advisers felt that military action in the former Yugoslavia would more likely resemble the morass of Vietnam rather than the success of the Persian Gulf War.
When President Bush left office, the former Yugoslavia republics were in the midst of wars that would continue for years to come. Few argued that President Bush was solely responsible for preventing the violence in the former Yugoslavia; it was a complicated situation with many ethnic groups, divided factions, and long histories. But some people believed that if the United States had launched a strong military action, it could have prevented some of the atrocities that occurred.
Since then, especially during the last decade, new variants and new tags have proliferated. The eld of international relations now has at least two varieties of structural realism, 2 probably three kinds of offensive realism, 3 Mearsheimer s World Offensive Realism and the Struggle for Security Glenn H. This study gives detail information about American invasion of Iraq in and explains decision to invade Iraq from different analytic perspectives such as realism, liberalism and Marxism.
These perspectives integrate with different level of analysis, which are individual, societal, state and systemic level of analysis to explain US Im experiencing difficulty getting together again a thesis for the play Death great resume cover letter writing a Salesman. Realism: International Relations Student s Name Institutional Affiliation Date Realism: International Relations The field of international relations has challenging general theories or hypothetical perspectives. Realism, also called political realism, is a view of global politics that hassles its viable and conflicting side Here, we discuss idea that the way you can write a essay without the difficulty and with appropriate content.
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Motives for Iraq War through Realism and Neo - Conservatism Lenses Essay - The invasion on Iraq by the United States in has become the biggest, lengthiest, and most expensive use of armed force since the Vietnam War Is he going to provide you with the PhD dissertation help that's crucially required for every student? The invasion disarmed the government of Saddam Hussein. President Bush in March gave a premature speech, that tyrant of Iraq has fallen and US has freed its people Research Papers words 4.
Which means in the past thirteen years American troops have been involved in operations in Iraq for all but three. The cost of the Iraq War has sky rocketed into the trillions, and the loss of lives into the Thousands, and the effects of the Iraq War will be felt for a long time. Entering Iraq has caused Americans to set a precedents about our policy and moral standing, that we greatly shape our future endeavors and policies towards foreign nations Research Papers words 5. While the United States military was moving into Iraq, the American economy was taking the first assault of a long and expensive fight.
Victory was declared several years ago, and many are content to leave the story at that point.
How the Arab Spring remade Obama’s foreign policy.
Advocates of the war have hailed its expediency and relatively minimal cost to the United States and its allies. The facts support a different conclusion. The truth lies in the economical devastation that the war in Iraq has left in its wake It also forms the link between the theoretical aspect of the research and the practical aspect of the investigation.